Civil War lasted from 1861 till 1865. There
were over 618,000 causalities. While most people believe the war came
about because of slavery issues, it really was much more complex. There
were the economic and social differences whereby the South was based on
a one crop (cotton) economy in which it used slave labor for its vast
plantations, the North was focused on city life in which a society
evolved as people of different cultures and classes worked together.
Another issue of the day, was of those arguing for more states rights
and those arguing that the government needed to have more control. This
was an old issue and was heating up before Abraham Lincoln was elected
president, but came to a head soon after his election. The Civil War
began when confederates under General Pierre Beureguard opened fire at
Fort Sumter, Charleston, South Carolina at 4:30 a.m. with fifty cannons.