Court Minutes 1826 - Gadsden Territory

 

These minutes are a collaborative effort of Pamela Vojnovski, who made copies of them, and of Barbara Boynton and Donna Warlick who typed from the originals and proofed them.

Note by County Coordinator:   Gadsden was still a Territory at this time and had no complete county government, with employees to do the work. There were just appointed figures, like the judges, sheriff, tax collector, and clerk of the court. The judges would assign men living on the roads to be the overseer of the road maintenance on a certain road. The judge would assign another man to "apportion the hands" on the road for a certain overseer. The phrase "apportion the hands" meant to decide how many hands (workers) would be needed and then request that many slaves of large land owners living near the road when it was time to actually do the work.

Note by County Coordinator:   The minutes were full of abbreviations that persons who have never read old documents would not understand, including names of people. Those abbreviations have been removed for ease of reading and to make people's names retrievable when querying. A blank indicates the word or words were unreadable. A question mark indicates unsure of transcription.

Abbreviations used herein:
"viz" means "that is"
Jno. is abbreviation for John or Jonathan
Jas. is abbreviation for James
Sam'l is abbreviation for Samuel
Alexr is abbreviation for Alexander
Wm. is William
"dec'd" means "deceased"
"Am." means "Administrator"
"Esqrs." means Esquires. Esquire was, at this time, used as a title of courtesy usually placed in its abbreviated form after the surname as in John R. Smith, Esq. While in present day United States it is usually associated with attorneys, in earlier times and in other countries, it was used for landed gentry.

April 1826 Term

April 10th A. D. 1826

This day the County Court for the County of Gadsden was opened agreeable to law. Present his Honor David L. White, Judge; Michael Harvey, Joseph McBride, Arch’d (Archibald) Smith, Justices of Peace.

No.1 Joseph McBride, Esqr. in compliance of an order of last Court doth now report to this Court in writing that he has made two divisions and apportioned hands to each division of the road leading to the Georgia line by Matthew Fain’s to Vickers Ferry on the Oaklockney (Ochlockonee River). It is now ordered by this Court that the clerk file in his office said report.

The Court proceeded to appoint overseers on said road to the division # 1 of said report they appointed David Howard, overseer.

Ordered by this Court that the County Treasurer pay Joseph McBride one dollar compensation for said service.

No. 2 To the Division of No. 2 John Weathers appointed overseer.

Tuesday, April 11th A. D. 1826

Archibald Smith, Esqr, pursuant to an order of the last court this day reports having laid off the road from the Quincy road South of the Mosketa (Mosquito) Creek to Rogers Ferry on Little River into two divisions No. 1 and 2- Ordered by this court that the County Treasurer pay to Arch’d (Archibald) Smith the sum of one dollar as compensation for said service.

It is now ordered by this Court that said road be discontinued the same being unnecessary.

April 11, 9 a.m. O’clock, Michael Harvey, present

The petition of sundry inhabitants householders of said county for a road from the Town of Quincy direct to the military road passing Shar’d McCalls is deemed by the court reasonable. The Court appoints Shared McCall, Collins Woodberry, Joseph McBride, Capt. H. Wilder commissioners to view and mark out said road and report agreeable to law and report to the next Court to be held on the 2nd Monday in June next. The said commissioners were duly qualified this day in open court.

This day John Colson guardian of Emily W. Horn rendered an a/c current. Sworn to and subscribed in open Court the debit of which for negroes hire in 1825 amounted to two hundred thirty nine dollars and fifty cents The credit for board, clothing and schooling amounts to fifty five dollars leaving a balance due the orphan aforesaid on the negroes hire of 1825 one hundred and eighty four dollars and fifty cents. It is ordered by this Court that the Clerk file in his office the account.

The Court this day appointed Joseph McBride, Esqr. to lay off the road from Little River at Parham’s Trail to the Oaklockney into divisions of a common length, that he number them and apportion the hands liable to work and give to the overseer or overseers when appointed a list of their names.

Ordered by the Court that the County Treasurer pay unto Joseph Young fifty dollars in advance in part for building the Court House and take his receipt for the same.

Resolved by this Court that there be a meeting of a quoram (quorem) of the same on Monday the 1st day of May to receive the jail if executed agreeable to contract by James U. Wilson.

This day received the annual report of the County Treasurer whereon it appears that there is in his hand, in actual cash after all just credits were previously given the sum of one hundred and eighty four dollars thirty eight and------cents, as fair certificate of the Judge of this Court attached thereunto will appear.

Ordered by this Court that the County Treasurer be allowed for recovering and paying out moneys of the County the sum of six percent as full compensation for his service in discharge of his duties.

The Court proceeded today to assess the County tax for the previous year a majority of the Justices of the County being present.

Upon every male (?) white and black:  12-1/2 cents on each per annum
On tavern keepers:  $3.00 each
On retailers of spiritous liquors:   $5.00 each
On store keepers:   ten cents for each hundred dollars stock in trade
On auctioneers:   one quarter percent on the amount of their commission
On doctors of medicine:   $3.00
On lawyers:   $5.00
On free persons of colour:  $2.50

Ordered by the Court that the County Treasurer pay unto David L. White three dollars and fifty cents for quills and blank book furnished Clerk and Treasurer.

Ordered by the Court that County Treasurer pay unto A. Smith, Esqr two dollars for service performed in road divisions for the past year.

Ordered by the Court that the County Treasurer pay Robert Forbes, Esqr Sheriff ten dollars for extra services rendered within the last twelve months including the present term.

Ordered by the Court that the County Treasurer pay unto E. A. Robinson, Clerk, the sum of ten dollars for extra services for the past year.

Ordered by the Court that the County Treasurer pay James Cameron two dollars for paper.

Ordered by the Court that the County Treasurer pay unto John Edwards, overseer of the road one dollar and fifty cents as a full compensation for his services to this day.

Court adjourned until 8 o’clock tomorrow morning.

Wednesday 12 April 1826
This day the Court opened according to adjournment. David L. White, Judge, Joseph McBride, Arch’d Smith, Michael Harvey, Esqrs, Justices of the Peace.

12 April 1826
The Court appointed John Lines receiver of tax returns. There being no opposition who immediately entered into bond as receiver and treasurer, and prescribe the following rules for the government of the receiver of tax returns, viz: he shall attend twice at least at each of the following places after giving ten days previous notice by advertisements in writing posted up at each place and other public places in said district in the North East corner of the County at Howard's Mill or house and at Quincy making his return agreeable to law.

Ordered by the Court that Robert Forbes, Esqr collect the county tax and that he attend for said purposes at Howard Mill or house and at Quincy for ten days previous notice by advertisement posted up in writing at each place and other publick places and that he attend twice at each of said places commencing his collections in August and make his settlement at October Court and the Court declares it the duty of said collector to proceed against every delinquent defaulter by a warrant of distress in the usual way of collecting debt and that he recover the sum of one dollar as an extra fee for distraining, and that said receiver and collector receive each six percent on the amount listed and collected.

The Court have this day appointed David Paterson and Littleberry Hollinger Constables for said County.

Ordered by the Court that the Clerk record in proper record book of the County the Receivers and Treasurer bond and file the same.

Ordered by the Court that the County Treasurer advance James U. Wilson fifty dollars on account of building the county jail.

David L. White, P. Judge; M. Harvey, Joseph McBride, Archibald Smith

May 1826 Term

May 1st A. D. 1826

This day the following members of the County Court met agreeable to a resolution passed at April term to receive the goal (jail) if executed agreeable to contract, viz: David L. White, Judge and John Little, Archibald Smith and Joseph McBride, Esqrs who agreed to receive the jail and cancel the bond of Wm. Norwood, James U. Wilson and further ordered that David L. White pay unto James U. Wilson the balance due the County on sales of lots which remain in his hands taking his receipt for the amount and file said with the County Treasurer.
Attest in behalf of the quorum David L. White, Judge

June 1826 Term

June 12th A. D. 1826

Today the Court of the County of Gadsden was opened agreeable to law. Present his Honor Joseph McBride, Archibald Smith, Moses Warren, Justices of Peace.

Today the Court of the County of Gadsden was opened agreeable to law. Present his Honor Joseph McBride, Archibald Smith, Moses Warren, Justices of Peace.

Ordered by the Court that the Court House be received 12th June 1826 by the steps to the Judges seat being bannistred (bannistered).

Sharrod McCall, Joseph McBride and H. Wilder commissioners appointed at the April term to view and mark out a road leading from the Federal Road running N 22degrees W and supposed it to be about five miles from the Federal Road to Quincy, have this day reported to the Court their proceedings in writing agreeable to law, which report is ordered to be filed,--------and it is further ordered that the said commissioners receive of the Treasurer each one dollar for their services. Ordered that M. Harvy apportion the hands to work on said road.
By margin-issued July 29th

Joseph McBride, Esqr in compliance of an order of last Court that the had made two divisions of the road leading from Rodgers Ferry on Little River to the Ocklockney, it is now ordered by this Court that the Clerk file in his office said report. The Court then proceeded to appoint overseers on said road. Alexander Duglass and Joshua Harley overseers of said road. It is further ordered that Joseph McBride receive one dollar in full for his services.

Ordered that the Treasurer pay to James U. Wilson twenty five dollars as full compensation for the loss of money received of the county.
Joseph McBride, J.P., Archibald Smith, J. P.; Moses Warren, J. P.
By margin-issued 12th June

July 1826 Term

July the 7th A. D. 1826

This day the Court of the County of Gadsden was opened agreeable to law.
Present his Honor Judge Robinson, Joseph McBride, Michael Hearvey, Moses Warren, Esqrs.

October 1826 Term

October the 9th A. D. 1826

This day the Court of the County of Gadsden was opened agreeable to law.
Present his Honour Judge Robinson.

1. Ordered that Mr. Wilder receive two dollars and seventy seven cents for plank for making steps to the Court House.

2. Ordered that David Patterson receive Six Dollars for making two pair of steps to the Court House.

It is agreed by the Court that the County Surveyor be allowed three dollars for the surveying of each quarter section of land and proportion for all other surveying, two lots exceptioned (with the exception of two lots).

The petition of sundry inhabitants house holders of Gadsden County for a road already open from Quincy by the plantation of John Martin and Collin Wooten to a point on the Georgia line where a road from Decatur County Courthouse to Quincy strikes it being the best way to avoid creeks and branches, and c&c.
Commissioners-Daniel Buie, James A. Wooten, Daniel Love, Daniel Campbell-
Collin Wooten, overseer.

The commissioners appointed to have the Publick Square (in Quincy) cleaned up in January have received it. They think Mr. Thomas has worked on the square to the amount of $27.50 which was the amount he bid it off at.
H. Wilder, H. McNeil, Commissioners

Ordered that the County Treasurer pay Jonathan Thomas twenty seven dollars and fifty cents for clearing the publick square.

Ordered that the County Treasurer pay over to James U. Wilson the sum of one hundred dollars for work on the jail in the Town of Quincy.

Territory of Florida( this part has: issued Nov 18th, 1826 written in the margin) The petition of sundry inhabitants house holders of Gadsden County for a road leading from Quincy to the landing place on Little River, near where it empties into the Oaklockney (Ochlockonee River) known by the name of Robinson’s landing said road to run along the Ridge and passing Jesse Bird’s to John Carnochan's plantation being the best route to avoid branches and c.
Commissioners: Jesse Bird, John W. Smith and Henry Yonge.
Jona. Robinson, Pres. Judge, M. Harvey, Moses Warren, J. W. Robinson

 
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